Skip to Content

How to Multiply Variables in Python

How to Multiply Variables in Python

In this post, we will learn how to multiply variables in Python. Usually, when we multiply two variables, we use x×y, where x and y are variables.

However, in most programming languages, including Python, we use the * (asterisk) sign to multiply variables instead of ×. So, to take the product of two variables, we use x*y. Simple, right?

Let’s take an example.

 

x = 2
y = 4
result = x*y
print("Result:", result)

 

Output

 

Result: 8

 

In the above example, x contains 2, and y holds 4. We take the product, i.e., 2*4=8, and store it in the result variable. Finally, we display it.

 

How to Multiply Variables in Python: Variables of type int or float

One thing to keep in mind while multiplying variables is that their types should be compatible.

So, if we want to perform arithmetic multiplication, all variables must be numbers, i.e., either integers or floating-point numbers.

Otherwise, the program will throw an error or provide unexpected results.

 

x = 2.5
y = 3
z = 7.5
result = x*y*z
print("Result:", result)

 

Output

 

Result: 56.25

 

Here, x and z are floating-point numbers, and y is an integer. We get the correct result that is of type float.

 

How to Multiply Variables in Python: Variables of type int and string

Consider the following example.

 

x = 2
y = 'abc'
result = x*y
print("Result:", result)

 

Output

 

Result: abcabc

 

In the above example, x is of type integer and y of type string. In this case, using the * repeats the string by (x-1) times.

Therefore, we get the output abcabc, i.e., the string abc gets repeated one time.

 

x = 3
y = '4'
result = x*y
print("Result:", result)

 

Output

 

Result: 444

 

If you actually want to multiply numbers and don’t want the repetition, then convert the variable y to an integer using the int() method.

 

x = 3
y = '4'
result = x*int(y)
print("Result:", result)

 

Output

 

Result: 12

 

How to Multiply Variables in Python: Variables of type string or float

Multiplying a string by a string or a floating-point number will cause an error.

 

x = 3.2
y = '4'
result = x*y
print("Result:", result)

 

Output 1

Output 1 Multiplying Variables in Python

Output 1 Multiplying Variables in Python

 

x = '333'
y = '4'
result = x*y
print("Result:", result)

 

Output 2

Output 2 Multiplying Variables in Python

Output 2 Multiplying Variables in Python

 

 

How to check if a letter is uppercase in Python
Previous
How to Check if a Letter is Uppercase in Python
How to Multiply Variables in Python
Next
How to Multiply Two Lists in Python