In this post, we will learn how to multiply variables in Python. Usually, when we multiply two variables, we use **x×y**, where **x** and **y** are variables.

However, in most programming languages, including Python, we use the ***** (asterisk) sign to multiply variables instead of ×. So, to take the product of two variables, we use **x*y**. Simple, right?

Let’s take an example.

x = 2 y = 4 result = x*y print("Result:", result)

**Output**

Result: 8

In the above example, **x** contains 2, and **y** holds 4. We take the product, i.e., 2*4=8, and store it in the **result** variable. Finally, we display it.

## How to Multiply Variables in Python: Variables of type int or float

One thing to keep in mind while multiplying variables is that their types should be compatible.

So, if we want to perform arithmetic multiplication, all variables must be numbers, i.e., either integers or floating-point numbers.

Otherwise, the program will throw an error or provide unexpected results.

x = 2.5 y = 3 z = 7.5 result = x*y*z print("Result:", result)

**Output**

Result: 56.25

Here, **x** and **z** are floating-point numbers, and **y** is an integer. We get the correct result that is of type float.

## How to Multiply Variables in Python: Variables of type int and string

Consider the following example.

x = 2 y = 'abc' result = x*y print("Result:", result)

**Output**

Result: abcabc

In the above example, **x** is of type integer and **y** of type string. In this case, using the ***** repeats the string by **(x-1)** times.

Therefore, we get the output **abcabc**, i.e., the string **abc** gets repeated one time.

x = 3 y = '4' result = x*y print("Result:", result)

**Output**

Result: 444

If you actually want to multiply numbers and don’t want the repetition, then convert the variable **y** to an integer using the **int()** method.

x = 3 y = '4' result = x*int(y) print("Result:", result)

**Output**

Result: 12

## How to Multiply Variables in Python: Variables of type string or float

Multiplying a string by a string or a floating-point number will cause an error.

x = 3.2 y = '4' result = x*y print("Result:", result)

**Output 1**

x = '333' y = '4' result = x*y print("Result:", result)

**Output 2**

Hey guys! It’s me, Marcel, aka Maschi. On MaschiTuts, it’s all about tutorials! No matter the topic of the article, the goal always remains the same: Providing you guys with the most in-depth and helpful tutorials!

Isak

Monday 12th of September 2022

Hey I tried copying x = 3.2 y = '4' result = x*y print("Result:", result)

But it says

x = 3.2 y = '4' result = x*y print("Result:", result)